casters and wheels

Tips for Selection of the Industrial Casters and Wheels

Selection of the right industrial caster for the application is not very difficult as it takes right knowledge on the application just to assure the caster function rightly when providing longevity in your application. Money and time invested in upfront planning can assure right product, when bought, can provide several years of good performance with the minimal maintenance costs.

Caster Replacement Tips

Casters are the wheeled devices that are mounted to any object allowing simple rolling movement. The casters have many different uses today, which include office, hospital beds, or home furniture, or hospitality applications, and more. They will range in the size from the small furniture casters and industrial casters supporting over 50 tons. But, like other things, even casters will break and get damaged or require replacing. Before you replace your damaged and old casters, it is very important to know how they are used to choose the right caster for this job.

Firstly, you have to determine:

casters and wheels

  • Floor type
  • Climate
  • Load capacity

Floor Type

The floors fall in two categories – hard or soft.

Soft Floor

For the cushioned and carpeted surfaces, the soft floor casters should be used.

Hard caster should be used to reduce the friction at a contact point that prevents caster to get stuck in a carpet (mainly plush one) and allowing what you are moving to be manageable.

Hard Floor

For the hard surfaces, like concrete floors, the softer material casters have to get used.

Using the hard material casters in heavy loads will risk damages tile and wood surfaces.


Whereas it might not seem to be an important factor when selecting casters, the climate plays a very important role in selecting the right kind, mainly in the extreme temperatures.

Load Capacity

Without rightly calculating weight capacity of the casters, other benefits get null-and-void. In order, to calculate this load capacity, you need to divide total load by number of the mounted casters that can determine imposed load on every caster.  It is very important to include 33 percent margin of the error because load will not be distributed evenly over all 4 casters.  A lot pressure put on just one will result in the collapse. For instance, if you have the cart that weighs around 3,000lbs as well as has 4 casters, and factor in margin of the error just by increasing weight to over 3,999lbs. Then divide 3,999 by four, and giving every caster the rating of 1,000lbs.